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Tzar Tank A
Tzar Tank B

Above: The Tsar Tank or the 'Labedenko' model'
quite an unusual tank in design but at the time they were only desining for there own problems of warfare.

Vickers A1E1 Inde
MK III Brit

The British Mk VIII (MK 8) or Liberty Tank -Sold to Tsarist Russia as a stop-gap. This tank was highly developed by the end of WW1 with many re designs through combat experiences.
Also the Vickers A1E1 'Independant' (Right) type of Tank was developed for export sale from 1919 - 1934 but was abandoned in 1936

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Tsarist Armoured Cars

Tzarist stop-gap Armoured Cars, cheaper and at the time ideal for the conflict of that time.

Tzarist Trains B
Tzarist Trains

Above: Two Tzarist Armoured Trains for protection of troops and goods being carried long distances and large areas of the Soviet Union, and also used as mobile artillery.

Now the Tzar has gone from history and Russia is now the 'Russian Communist Party' started by Lenin. In 1918 the country was run by Joseph Stalin (known by the Allies as Uncle Joe) siezing power quickly he starts the ''Five Year Plan'' to bring the Bolshevik State into the 20th Century by extreme measures with the use of secret police NKVD and later on from 1952 the KGB.

Factories of all types are to be made from scratch steel smelting to arms and machine tools of all types or as Stalin said 'Guns before Butter'

His own people would starve or be imprisoned if he did not get his way and many did, (see Gulags) it was necessary but five years was too quick, but needed at that time as Russia was weak and vunerable to outside pressures and possible invasion.

During the internal Russian Civil War of 1918 - 1920 equipment was made in the Nizhny Novgorod Machine factory built armoured trains, armoured carriages, and weapons for the Volga Military Flotilla.
In 1920 this factory re manufactured 14 French Renault FT tanks for the Red Army.

Stalin looked at all countries for Tank Design Britain France and the USA
a designer located in the USA called J. Walter Christie developed a unique suspension system for tanks with rubber lined track wheels, revolutionary for the time, but this was rejected by the US Army.

They assembled a NEW copy of this small tank and named them the ''Freedom Fighter Lenin'' Tank.

Basically the Army did not like change as they were still in the Cavalry Era and run by Generals with 1880's idealogy.

BT2 Tank 1932

ABOVE: Is the Soviet BT2 Tank of 1932
Looks very like the Christie Tank to me?

Sov BT5

Soviet BT 5 .. based upon the BT Series a 'Christie Design' manufactured from 1932 - 1940 approx.

A Medium Lightly Armoured and Gunned Tank but very fast on the Battlefield.

And looking like a very early T34 !

Sov T26 Sachl Finn

Many Tanks were tested in the Finnish - Soviet war of 1938
This Soviet Tank was destroyed by Finnish Troops with a Satchel Charge. The Soviets used large numbers of tanks and artillery as well as trucks in the dense and winter Finnish Forests, but the Finns were very adept at Winter Warfare dealing with the Russians with manpower alone they fought them to a stalemate.

Finn Sach Chg

ABOVE: A Finnish Satchel Charge.

T28 Prod

ABOVE: Production of the T28

T28 Med

ABOVE: The Soviet T28 Medium Tank was the first mass produced modern medium Tank

T 35 Sov Tank

ABOVE: The Soviet T35 Medium Tank bristling with fire power for its time.

B37-A Amphibious Tank

ABOVE: The Soviet T37 - A Light Amphibious Tank. Kubinka Tank Museum Russia,
This tank was revolutionary for its time even the Germans were late fitting snorkels to there Pz, III's.

Carden-Lloyd 'Tankettes' came about by Major Giffard LeQuensne - Martell a Military Engineer and Tank strategist.

He built a one man tank in his garage from various parts and showed it to the War Office in the 1920's, Carden - Loyd Tractors Ltd., produced there own version closely based on the origonal design.

The Firm Founded by Sir John Carden and Vivian Loyd was later purchesed by Vickers Armstrong, they also produced a two man version which became more popular.. as it's pretty lonely detail doing recon on your own!

Both types of one and two man 'Tankettes' were produced for world wide sale, these designs later became the Bren Gun Carrier type of tracked vehicle, serving trough the second World War with jobs including carrying Machine Guns, Mortars, fast reco, and replenishment of ammunition items, food etc also wounded troops, a truly a 'Universal Carrier'

Pol TKS tankette
Brit Bren Carr
SOV KV1
KV2

When the Soviets entered the Winter War with Finland the SMK and KV1 third design TOP LEFT or (T 100) were sent for snow Battle testing, the KV was resistant to the Finnish Anti Tank weapons making it more effective than other designs.

Both the KV 76mm Gun and KV2 TOP RIGHT with the 152mm Howitzer gun were put into immediate production, they also committed to battle the amphibious T38 scout tank which was the T37 based upon the French AMR 33 light tank.

B37-A Amphibious Tank
T38 Amph
French Renault 33 AMR Recon Tank

ABOVE

LEFT: The T-37 Amphibious Tank, CENTRE: the T-38A Amphibious Tank and RIGHT: AMR33 French Renault Recon.Tank

Ford produced a similar Amphfibious vehicle based on the Jeep called a 'SEEP' in 12 months they produced nearly 13,000

Ford SEEP Amphibious

ABOVE: Ford Design 'SEEP' Amphibious Vehicle.
.................................

T50  Light Tank
T50 Light Tank

Up Close with a T50 Soviet Tank and Crew.

Soviet 4

Four Soviet Tanks
'From Left to Right'

A8 (BT 7M), A20, T-34 model 1940 and T-34 model 1941

T-34 Low slung

Soviet T-34 Tank - 1940

The origonal T-34 model 1940 'Queen of the Battlefield' recognised by the low slung barrel of the L-11 Gun, below a bulge in the mantlet housing the recoil mechanism. This pre production prototype known as the (A-34) has a single piece complex
hull front.

BELOW: A T-34 damaged at the Battle of Prokhorovka being inspected by a German Soldier. 1943

Damaged T34 at the battle of Prodhorokva

BELOW: Turret of the T 34/85 showing commander's all round vision hatch introduced part way through production model T 34 of 1943.

T-34 - 85 cupola
T44 - 85 proto
T 44 -85 soviet

ABOVE: Left T44 - 85 prototype during trials.. note: they have no splash boards.
Right: Second Generation prototype seen at the NIBT proving grounds near Kubrinka 1944.

Notice how these model design's are looking similar to the comingdesigns of the T54 and T55 Series of Tanks

Sov T34 Ukraine

ABOVE: Classic photo of T34 Tanks with Troop Support riding on top, near Odessa during the Liberation of the Ukraine.

BELOW: A Close up!

Sov T34 Ukraine 2
T44 - 122 and Panther

LEFT: Is a T44 - 122 Prototype during comparative trials against a captured German Panther RIGHT.

T34 Prokhorovka

ABOVE:
T34 Destroyed at the battle of Prokhorovka 1943 being inspected by a German Soldier.

------o----O----o------

Sov Churchill Kn Out

ABOVE
A Damaged Soviet Lend Lease Churchill MK IV with is Left Track Missing, being passed by a German hhalk track Car 1943

BELOW
The Red Army in Bucharest with British Supplied Universal Carrier

Br LL Sov Carrier

BELOW
A British Lend Lease Churchill Tank leaving the Factory destined for the Red Army about 1942

Church Tank sent to Russia
Brit Valentine Russia 1944

ABOVE
Valentine MK III in the Soviet Union knocked out by the Germans in the Winter War, January 1944.

BELOW
Are Soviet M4 A2s USA (Lend Lease) Tanks Lined up in the Czech city of BRNO
Note the Old Russian Truck on the Right.

Soviet M4 A2  76mm Czzech street in BRNO
under construction

Centurian Production from 1945 - 1960

M4 Sherman

M4 Sherman

Cromwell Mk III Cruiser

M26 Pershing

M26 Pershing

ABOVE:
An NVA (North Communist Vietnamese) PT - 76 Light Tank destroyed by a M48 Patton After the NVA crews were seen washing the Tank were observed by a US Recon plane near the Ben Hai River by the DMZ (demilitarised zone) on the 17th Parrallel.
Three rounds were fired by the M26 and the last one disabled the Vehicle, all the crew ran off.

Elements of The NVA with support of 300,000 chinese troops attacked over the DMZ into 30.000 only PAVN US supported troops, as well as Soviet tanks the NVA had the ZSU 57 - 2 Track mounted mobile anti aircraft Tank.

ABOVE Soviet ZSU track mounted anti aircraft vehicle.

Developements of the AH 1 Cobra Helicopter Gun-ship in April 24 1972 were fitted with the new M26 TOW anti armour rockets, they were to play a strong part in denying the NVA from just using there mass Tank columns openly.

Developed by Bell Helicopters and the Hughes Corporation these Tube launched optical operated wire guided rockets were very efficient at dealing with mass Tank operations by the NVA.

Above: Early Version of the Bell - Hughes colaberation AH 1 Gunship fitted with TOW Rockets as used in Vietnam, mother to the newer Apache Gunships developed used in wars from Iraq and Afghanistan.

The War dragged on with insurgency NVA troops secretly moving into South Vietnam (see Tet Offensive) from the North and Laos border, it was all a matter of time until a Tank of the North Vietnamese bulldozed down the gates of the Presidents palace oat 10.45 on the 30th April 1975 ending the Vietnam war.

Now as usual all is OK and the Communist state of Vietnam is recognised by the UN and USA and both do business together.

ZSU 57 -2
Bell AH 1 Cobra

MIDDLE EAST CONFLICTS
A brief Synopsis

The Six day war with Israel and the Arab armies of Syria, Egypt,Jordan and Iraq in 1967 was a quick war the Israeli peoples were squeezed into War by the Arabs ... so the Israeli forces struck first, within 24 hours the airforces of the Arabs were liquidated. Israeli had air supremacy every working part time Pilot and Soldier were briefed in secret of there targets.. Pilots and alike just left there day to day jobs and climbed into a Fighter plane and took off to there target locations.

After six days it was all over quick and clean with supreme planning they took control of the Golan Heights a plateau (Known simply as the Golan) over looking Israel where they suffered many incidents of aggression and aggrivation by the Syrians for many years, firing rockets and sniping farm steads along the border.
Israel took the Golan and kept it after the war only being recognised by the US as there won land.

The Israeli only had 800 tanks much supplied by the USA, the Arabs ' Iraq ' alone had over 2504 tans

Israel has one of the words finest intelligent agencies in the world Mossad along with the USA (CIA) and Great Britains (MI6), Mossad it responcible for counter terrorism and covert operations world wide.

Eli Cohen and Egyptian born Jew was recruted by the Israeli's in 1961 and was placed into the Syrian Army of Affairs and soon rose to the top being an adviser to the Syrian Chief of defence.
He advise that hidden artillery pieces on the Golan Heights were possibly better hidden if they were planted all around the bunkers with shrubs and trees.

This of course in a barren landscape made the positions easy targets for the Israeli combat airforce to destroy.. just shoot at the bushes!

In 1965 he was caught by the Syrians and hanged in 1965 for espionage, only his watch was recovered and the Syrians still to this day refuse to give his body back.

Syrian T34 Conv
Egyptian T55

Above LEFT: A Syrian T34 Conversion
Note the bushes growing from the Track Wheels.

Above RIGHT: Egyptian T55 - 56 Tanks with enlarged Turret and Glasis which leaves the tank vunerable to the HEAT rocket munitions.